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Definite and indefinite article

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Nouns are generally preceded by determiners. Some determiners are the definite and indefinite articles such as der Mantel and eine Brücke. Another category is the interrogative words such as welche Schule or wie viele Leute. The largest categories are the der words and the ein words.

Der words

The der words function like the definite articles in that they identify the gender and number of nouns. One of the der words is dieser (this). Let’s look at it in all the cases.

                                  masculine                  feminine                 neuter                     plural
nominative           dieser Freund         diese Lampe           dieses Haus             diese Tische
accusative            diesen Freund        diese Lampe            dieses Haus            diese Tische
dative                    diesem Freund       dieser Lampe          diesem Haus          diesen Tischen
genitive                 dieses Freundes     dieser Lampe          dieses Hauses         dieser Tische

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Ein words

The ein words function like the indefinite articles and include the possessive adjectives as well as kein. let’s look at kein in all the cases.

                                   masculine                  feminine                 neuter                        plural
nominative            kein Freund               keine Lampe          kein Haus               keine Tische
accusative             keinen Freund           keine Lampe          kein Haus               keine Tische
dative                     keinem Freund          keiner Lampe        keinem Haus         keinen Tischen
genitive                  keines Freundes keiner Lampe keines Hauses keiner Tische

The other ein words are declined in the same way, and all of them, except for ein itself, can be
used with either singular or plural nouns.
mein                                        my
dein                                        your (singular, informal)

sein                                         his, its
ihr                                           her
unser                                      our
euer                                       your (plural, informal)
Ihr                                         your (singular or plural formal)
ihr                                         their

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